By Kenneth H. Klein (auth.)
This essay is conceived as a serious exposition of the significant concerns that determine within the ongoing dialog among Logical Positivists and neo Positivists at the one hand and Christian apologists at the different. My expository objective is to isolate and to explain the most concerns that experience emer ged within the prolonged dialogue among males of Positivistic flip of brain and males sympathetic to the claims of Christianity. My severe goal is to choose normal, influential stands which were taken on every one of those concerns, to evaluate their viability, and to isolate yes dilemmas which dialogue of those concerns has generated. i'm confident that the now as a rule rejected verifiability concept of that means is especially quite often misunderstood and has been rejected most of the time for the inaccurate purposes. ahead of it really is forged off-if it's to be solid off-what is required is a reconsideration of that concept and of the objections that its numerous formulations have elicited. moreover, no less than in part as a result of a misconstruing of the verifiability doctrine, there were a few interesting-though for my part unsuccessful-claims complicated in regards to the testability-status of sentences expressive of Christian trust. additionally, of their haste to vindicate Christianity, a few apologists were really cavalier, for my part, approximately what "Christianity" comprises. This quantity deals what i am hoping can be a transparent assertion and research of the primary issues at factor among Positivism and Christianity, including my very own review of the place the argument stands now.
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Extra resources for Positivism and Christianity: A Study of Theism and Verifiability, 1st Edition
A factually significant statement, Schlick holds, conveys, so to speak, a description of some "definite state of affairs," where Schlick means by that expression something which might conceivably be "pointed at,"48 given by ostension. A statement conveys or contains a description by virtue of the meaning of its constituent words. Accordingly, following this line of approach, if one wants to know what a statement says, one might ask what description it conveys. " In the nature of the case we are denied that ultimate, terminal ostensive step by which what a factually significant statement says is tied, by an act of indication, to what might be given in experience, tied to what it is ultimately all about.
There are certain slight hints available in the context as to what is being asserted, or the sort of thing that might be hereby asserted. There is the strong suspicion that a disopholus is spatially discrete, an entity that mingles with empirical things; it is small enough to be in the cupboard, for example. That's a clue. Only one disopholus is said to be in the cupboard, but perhaps there might be more, either there or somewhere else-else the sentence would have required the definite article, not the indefinite one.
One might say, first, that there is no test, no conceivable test, for determining their truth or their falsity. Or one might say, second, that what they assert is unclear, unintelligible, meaningless, vague, or something of that sort. The Positivist wants to insist, as was explained in section 2, that there is but one problem here. Flew's way of speaking steers, as it were, between the two idioms. He wants to say that one's inability to test the truth or falsity of putative statements like "God loves us" is a function of one's not knowing what such sentences assert.