Potential Applications of Concentrated Solar Energy: by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Committee on the Potential Applications of Concentrated Solar Photons

This publication assesses the present kingdom of the sector in a couple of strength purposes and discusses applied sciences for which focused solar power can be applied. It includes the entire papers submitted via the audio system in addition to summaries of the shows and discussions that each one session.

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Techniques for removing these organic compounds from water have included air or steam stripping, adsorption on activated carbon or porous polymeric resins, and biological (microbial) treatment [36]. Advanced oxidation technologies for this full range of compound structures are only now beginning to be explored. , ozonation or aerobic biological treatment) is termed a unit operation. , ozonation followed by biological treatment). In wastewater treatment the last step in the process is often used to effect removal of trace residuals; such "polishing" operations typically involve feed streams of clear or nearly clear water with only trace contaminant levels and may be regarded as ideal streams for advanced oxidation technologies, applicable after most contaminants have been removed by the cheaper, larger-scale proven technologies such as carbon adsorption or biological treatment.

Improvements in the photocatalyst made by finding a stable and useful material with a smaller bandgap or suitable sensitizers (dyes) for titanium dioxide might be possible. Note, however, that there have already been a large number of studies of different photocatalytic materials in the United States, Japan, and Europe, mainly in the search for materials appropriate in the photosplitting of water to hydrogen and oxygen and in the design of liquid junction photovoltaic cells. New materials for the photodestruction of wastes must be stable in the presence of strong photogenerated oxidants and must promote rapid reaction of photogenerated electrons with oxygen or other oxidants.

33. F. J. Phys. , 92, 6852 (1988). 34.

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