By David Shotter
Revised and up to date to incorporate the newest learn within the box, this moment version of a favored historical past textual content examines how the Roman republic used to be destabilized via the unplanned progress of the Roman Empire.
Central dialogue issues include:
- the executive of the republic
- how definite contributors took benefit of the growth of the empire
- Julius Caesar's accession to power
- the upward push of the Augustan principate following Julius Caesar's murder.
Drawing on a wealth of contemporary scholarship and together with an extended and up to date advisor to additional studying, a chronology, and a consultant to the provinces of the Roman Empire, scholars of historical past and classical experiences will locate this a worthwhile and available advent to this complicated interval in history.
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Revised and up to date to incorporate the most recent learn within the box, this moment version of a favored historical past textual content examines how the Roman republic used to be destabilized via the unplanned development of the Roman Empire. imperative dialogue issues contain: the govt of the republic how definite participants took good thing about the growth of the empire Julius Caesar's accession to energy the increase of the Augustan principate following Julius Caesar's homicide.
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Extra info for The Fall of the Roman Republic (Lancaster Pamphlets in Ancient History)
The tribunate of the plebeians, though not of course a magistracy, was subjected to restrictions: for example, it seems that the use of the veto was constrained and, even more damagingly, those who held the ofﬁce were to be barred from holding any further ofﬁce in the future. The senate was in this way protected from the whims of populist politicians; indeed, it may be that Sulla also sought to revive the restrictions on the tribally based assemblies (comitia populi tributa; concilium plebis), and to insist on the necessity of senatorial approval of all measures to be brought before the people.
Over time, the development of this Graeco-Roman culture was seen as a great beneﬁt, and it was effectively enshrined in the Augustan revolution of the late-ﬁrst century bc. Immediately, however, the effects of warfare and imperial growth brought problems as well as opportunities: the Roman army was traditionally one of peasants (assidui) whose landholding formed their qualiﬁcation for service. In the early days, when the bulk of ﬁghting was in Italy, it was conducted on a seasonal basis, THE GROWTH OF EMPIRE and farmers could generally manage to combine both military service and agriculture.
However, the events of the previous months must have proved too much for the old general, who lived on to see just thirteen days of his ﬁnal consulship. Attempts were orchestrated in Rome to dispossess Sulla of his command; not only did these end in failure but Mithridates’ high-handed behaviour in the areas that he had ‘liberated’, and the organisation by Lucius Licinius Lucullus of a ﬂeet for Sulla, enabled the latter to bring the king of Pontus to terms. These left Mithridates in command of his original territories, but little else; those in the region who had resisted Mithridates were rewarded, whilst others found themselves facing huge indemnities and indignities.