By Beiquan Mou, Ralph Scorza
As the area debates the dangers and merits of plant biotechnology, the percentage of the worldwide sector of transgenic box plants has elevated each year, and the security and price remains to be confirmed. but, regardless of the luck of transgenic box plants, the commercialization of transgenic horticultural vegetation (vegetables, end result, nuts, and ornamentals) has lagged a ways in the back of. Transgenic Horticultural vegetation: demanding situations and possibilities examines the demanding situations for the production and commercialization of horticultural biotechnology and identifies possibilities, innovations, and priorities for destiny growth.
A "must learn" for somebody operating within the fields of genetic engineering or plant breeding, for coverage makers, educators, scholars, and someone drawn to the problems of genetic engineering of culmination, greens and ornamentals, this e-book covers:
- Past achievements, latest advancements, and present demanding situations in transgenic fruit, nut, vegetable, decorative, and pharmaceutical crops
- Reviews transgenic horticultural vegetation within the united states, Europe, Africa, and Asia
- Hurdles to the commercialization of transgenic know-how in economics and industry, shopper reputation, highbrow estate correct safety, public–private partnership, and regulation
- Critical review of the advantages and hazards of genetically engineered horticultural plants, together with possibility overview and transgene containment
- Presents case stories and an viewpoint on transgenic horticultural crops
The creation and commercialization of transgenic horticultural vegetation is a gigantic task―its development and recognition require an educated examine neighborhood, horticultural undefined, govt, and physique of customers. to assist during this attempt, this ebook presents evidence, analyses and insights by means of major specialists during this box to notify a large viewers of scholars, agricultural and genetic pros, and the public. a part of the worldwide dialog at the professionals and cons of transgenic meals, Transgenic Horticultural Crops goals to stimulate extra curiosity and dialogue at the topic and to advertise the improvement of secure and sustainable genetically changed horticultural crop forms.
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Extra info for Transgenic Horticultural Crops: Challenges and Opportunities
The recent work of Teo et al. 195 Unlike most plant species, apples accumulate and transport photosynthate largely in the form of the sugar alcohol sorbitol, rather than sucrose. Sorbitol is synthesized from glucose-6-phosphate through the action of the enzyme sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (S6PDH), and Teo et al. 195 Leaves from several resultant transgenic lines 18 Transgenic Horticultural Crops: Challenges and Opportunities displayed 80%–90% reductions in S6PDH enzyme activity and 70%–80% reductions in sorbitol levels.
204. Kong, Q. X. , Oral immunization with hepatitis B surface antigen expressed in transgenic plants, Proc. Natl. Acad. , 98, 11539, 2001. 205. Mor, T. , Gomez-Lim, M. , and Palmer, K. , 6, 449, 1998. 206. Sunil-Kumar, G. B. , Expression of hepatitis B surface antigen in transgenic banana plants, Planta, 222, 484, 2005. 2 Transgenic Vegetables Owen Wally, J. Jayaraj, and Zamir K. Punja CONTENTS Introduction...............................................................................................................
Posttranscriptional gene silencing has also been utilized to reduce caffeine content in coffee plants. Caffeine is generated from xanthosine by two sequential methylation reactions catalyzed by the enzymes theobromine synthase and caffeine synthase. Ogita et al. 201 The resultant transgenic lines were morphologically normal, but displayed 50%–70% less caffeine in leaf tissues than controls. Effects on caffeine content in coffee fruit were not described. , walnuts and chestnuts). 206 Hepatitis B is the major cause of persistent viremia in humans, and banana is an ideal host for expression of HBsAg due to its palatability to infants and year-round availability in the tropics.