Voices of Migrants: Rural-Urban Migration in Costa Rica by Paul Kutsche

By Paul Kutsche

"Examining migration via existence histories places flesh on analytical bones. . . . Kutsche is an astute interviewer with a true skill to set up rapport together with his informants. . . . not anything like this e-book exists within the Latin American migration literature."--Leigh Binford, collage of Connecticut

"Chico" and "Beto" got here to San José blind to urban existence and now consider returning to their houses in rural Costa Rica; "El Negro" forges a modest, stable existence within the urban; "El Visionario" lives out a romantic dream yet participates within the political lifetime of his squatter payment; "Primitiva" turns out detached to her atmosphere; "El Viejo" got here to town to teach his teenagers and retire.

 Their tales, six of the fourteen female and male existence histories Paul Kutsche offers, emphasize the psychic charges of migration and exhibit the private features that correlate with good fortune or failure in relocating from the rustic to the city.  Like Oscar Lewis's Children of Sanchez, this ebook places a face at the phenomenon of migration.  Kutsche follows the tape-recorded interviews (which he translated from Spanish into English) into channels dictated via his topics, giving them freedom to build their very own lives, as a lot within the development as in its veracity.

 Kutsche starts off with a quick historical past of Costa Rica that examines the jobs of agriculture, economics, politics, and the surroundings in developing the stipulations for rural-urban migration; he concludes that individuals with reduce aspirations approximately migration have the next price of success.  

 While Costa Rica seems to be unusual of different crucial American countries--more peaceable, extra pleasant, and extra open to foreigners--Kutsche concludes that what's occurring in San Jose "differs little from an analogous strategy in different places in what optimists prefer to name 'developing' international locations. . . . i don't see the 3rd global catching as much as industrialized parts inside any situation in need of turning the family of energy completely upside down."  placing a face at the strategy of migration might enlighten readers in English-speaking nations "where the industrial judgements are made that form the towns of the 3rd World."

Paul Kutsche is professor emeritus of anthropology at Colorado College.  he's the coauthor of Canones: Values, challenge and Survival in a Northern New Mexican Village and the editor of Survival of Spanish American Villages, and he has written a variety of articles and studies for pro journals.

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Stone calls introducing the aguinaldo "riding a tiger" because once it was introduced no one could control it. The advantages of bureaucratic employment are among the attractions that draw migrants to the city, although most are disappointed when they discover they lack the educational and skill qualifications to hold such jobs. Page 16 This quick sketch of the history of Costa Rica has highlighted those political, economic, and social trends that have had the greatest impact on the lives of campesinos as potential migrants to the capital city.

The tone of dependency writing was set by the Brazilian economist Theotonio Dos Santos, who hinted at conspiracies in the following statement: "The relation of interdependence between two or more economies, and between these and world trade, assumes the form of dependence when some countries (the dominant ones) can expand and be self sustaining, while other countries (the dependent ones) can only do this as a reflection of that expansion" (quoted in Chilcote 1984:60). Examples of Costa Rica's dependency are prominent in Robert Williams's 1986 study of export agriculture and political crisis.

The legacy of this egalitarian tradition is evident in both areas today, although under vastly different conditions of politics and trade. An intrinsically trivial but revealing consequence of the social similarity of the two frontier provinces is that today in New Mexico the honorific titles don and doña are used only for a few respected elders (Kutsche and Van Ness 1981:225), while in Costa Rica they are used for everyone. The result in each case is Page 4 uniform treatment of all adults, at least when addressing people in public.

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